- Categories:About Us
- Time of issue:2020-01-02 00:00:00
According the quality, and processing technology, we can dispart Chinese tea leaf to six kinds: Green Tea, Yellow Tea, Dark Tea, White Tea, Oolong tea, Black tea. The technology of dark tea has two notable characteristic in the processing of Hunan dark tea: Pile-Fermenting and Fire-Drying with pine wood during primary processing. Without these two processes, t can't be called “Dark Tea”. Black glossy, dark brown, stale and mellow, a little pine odor is the characteristic of dark tea.
The earliest record about “dark tea “appeared in Chinese history in 1524, in which the real dark tea originated in Anhua of Hunan. Hunan Dark Tea has four characteristic: First: history, Second: large quantity, Third: good quality, Forth : all kinds.
Dark tea is an indispensable beverage in the daily life if the northwestern minorities. But it wasn't produced and the vegetables and fruits were short in the northwest before, the food that the people ate were beef, mutton and cream cheeses, which were difficult to digest, and easy to make them suffer from disease. Dark tea can not only supplement human body with essential vitamins, but also resolve fat and grease. So that “One Couldn't Live Without Tea Only A Day”. The important of tea in the life of the northwestern minorities was recorded in many documents of Chinese history.
Hunan was the main producing area of dark tea during the Ming Dynasty, the production of tea in Anhua, Linxiang was the largest, and the quality was excellent. Regardless of long journey, tea-merchants of Shanxi arrived at Anhua and Linxiang, and bought mountains to plant tea, guided the processing technique, carried the products to the Northwest and the North continuously, and also sold to Russia , England , Japan etc, where Chinese tea was popular in the people. During the middle and later period of Qing Dynasty, the production and sale of Hunan Dark tea were very prosperous, and enjoyed a good reputation all over the world.
As one specification of dark tea, Poria Cocos Brick (Fu Tea) is the top grade in the ancient kind of Dark tea. Being complete ferment tea, Poria Cocos Brick Tea is the most complex and unique brown tea which has the longest production processing cycle. It products Aspergillus Cristatus, brick-like in appearance, with flourishing golden flowers all over, dark and shining, red and strong tea soup, mellow to the taste with lasting scent. “Xiang Yi” brand Poria Cocos Brick Tea Series accumulates several hundred years traditional production craft, its raw material is elegant, and the craft is advanced. The scientific analysis and the clinical experiment by domestic and foreign experts' professor proved: Poria Cocos Brick Tea contains the many kinds of amino acids, the Vitamin and the trace elements which the human body needs, and its rich inclusion can effectively block the formation of carcinogenic microso group compound in human body. The contained steatolysis enzyme has the decomposition to be greasy, the digestion and reduces human body function as well as fat compound, cholesterol, three acid anhydride fat.
Qianliang tea was dried by putting in sun and opening in dark, it may be said “absorbing the elite of the nature”. The season of stamping and making the tea is very strict, or it is easy to become mildewed or burn in the heart. Qianliang tea stored for many years, has been filled with tea worms on the surface of it. Tea worms and their excrement not only can't damage the quality, but also make the pharmacologic efficacy more remarkable.
Besides compressed dark tea, the loose dark tea leaf has seven kinds: “Yajian, Baimaojian, Tianjian, Gongjian, Xiangjian, Shenjian, Kunjian”. Which made by tender dark tea leaf raw material. Yajian and Baimaojian is the top-quality dark tea loose tea leaf , they are not trade merchandise, just for the gifts from tea merchants with small quantity production output. The Tianjian and Gongjian Dark Tea, was compressed by foot in former times, with primitive bamboo package and setting forth the light sweet scent of bamboo leaves. This product is delicate in raw material, special in work, deep in color and mellow in taste, chiming in with Liubao Dark tea of Guangxi, was only possessed by the rich men in former days.
In 1998, when the Japanese Abundant Tea Meeting director Mr. Mazishidachi, a famous tea expert, made a study of China Gansu Corridor, he discovered the unique effect of Poria Cocos Brick Tea and exclaimed in surprise “Magic Tea On The Ancient Silk Road; Life Tea Of Each National Minority In Northwest China.” He also introduced this tea into Japan , making it a very popular pure natural healthy drink in current time. After the introduction of dark tea into Japan , some Japanese related experts, professors and agronomy doctors have made detailed and functional analysis of the organic elements as well as the digestion and the unique effect of reducing fat. At the same time, they have also compared with the inclusions of the green tea and the Oolong tea, and have got the extremely important scientific research breakthrough.
Hunan Dark Tea History and Its Trade
“Tea-horse Exchange” appeared in the ancient Chinese history and lasted for about a thousand years from Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty, government exchanged the tea abounded in the central plains for the horses fed by the minorities in the Northwest, made two each get what he needs. Dark tea was one of the main kinds of tea in “Tea-horse Exchange”. It also called “Official Tea” which means that this tea was controlled by the government in order to exchange horses with the minorities at that time.
During the Tang dynasty, the road from Yunan and Sichuan to Tibet was called “the ancient tea-horse Road” in history. The tea-merchants who undertook the transport mission on the Ancient Tea-house Road were mainly from Shanxi and Shanxi , because Shanxi was near to the north of china, and Shanxi was the center of politics, military affairs and culture of the country. These merchants carried Foria Cocos brick tea from Hunan to north, and exchanged house, furriery, medicinal herbs, etc. which were needed in the central plains, reaped high profits from them.
Ming Dynasty government thought that Hunan dark tea with large yield, strong and stimulating taste was more suitable for the minorities to drink with cream cheese in it, so they made the tea produced in Anhua county of Hunan as “official Tea “.It was carried to the areas of Xianyang and Jingyang of Shanxi province and made into “Jingyang Brick Tea”, because produce in summer, so that named “Fu brick tea”.
Hunan was the main producing area of dark tea during the Ming Dynasty, the production of tea in Anhua,Linxiang was the largest, and the quality was excellent. Regardless the long journey, tea-merchants of Shanxi arrived at Anhua and Linxiang, and bought mountains to plant tea, guided the processing technique ,carried the product to the northwest and also sold to Russia, England, Japan etc. where Chinese tea was popular in the people .During the middle and later period of the Qing dynasty, the production and sale of Hunan Poria Cocos brick tea were very prosperous, and enjoyed a good reputation all over the world.
The prosperousness of dark tea sale made a generation of merchants successful, during the Ming and Qing dynasties, the merchants of Shanxi who mastered the lifeline of Chinese economy appeared under this background. Big houses of Qiao's and Qu's Families set up in the central part of Shanxi are the miniatures of glorious history of the Han nationality; they're still gleaming brilliant glory up to now.
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